Rather than in-text citations, Chicago style favors footnotes or endnotes to provide citation within the text of a document. These notes do not take the place of the final bibliography page; instead, endnotes and footnotes strengthen a document’s credibility by providing specific source information for readers. Footnotes in Chicago style generally include the author name, the publication title, publication date, publisher information with the very first citation, and a page number.
The following examples show how to create footnotes for material used in the body of your paper (with and without author named in a signal phrase).
FULL CITATION FOR BIBLIOGRAPHY:
Lastname, Firstname. Title. City of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.
Lastname, Firstname. “Article Title.” Journal Title Volume number, Issue number (Year of publication): Page range. Database Name or DOI or URL.
When debating the use of force, it may be important to remember that “hokey religions and ancient weapons are no match for a good blaster at your side.”1
Han Solo’s cynicism toward blind faith and antiquated arms were evident in his stance that one is best prepared to resolve conflict while in possession of modern weaponry.2
1. Firstname Lastname, Title (City of publication: Publisher, Year of publication), Page number.
2. Firstname Lastname, “Article Title,” Journal Title Volume number, Issue number (Year of publication): Page number, Database Name or DOI or URL.
SHORT STYLE FOR A BOOK:
2. Lastname, Title, Page Number.